Three-day BRICS Summit:

The much-anticipated three-day BRICS Summit has commenced in Johannesburg today, gathering the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa in a face-to-face encounter. The event, scheduled from August 22 to 24, marks a significant milestone as it is the first in-person BRICS Summit since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The 15th edition of this influential summit aims to foster cooperation among these emerging economies and is themed around ‘BRICS and Africa: Partnership for Mutually Accelerated Growth, Sustainable Development, and Inclusive Multilateralism’.

This year’s BRICS Summit holds special relevance as it brings together world leaders at a critical juncture, where global cooperation is vital for addressing pressing challenges. With the backdrop of a post-pandemic world, the summit’s focus on sustainable growth and inclusive development underscores the commitment of these emerging economies to foster resilience and innovation. As leaders gather in Johannesburg, the spotlight shines on their collective efforts to drive positive change not only within their respective nations but also on the international stage, solidifying as a cornerstone of modern diplomacy and collaborative progress.

What is BRICS :

An acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, represents a dynamic group of emerging economies that have come together to foster collaboration, dialogue, and mutual growth on the global stage. Born out of a recognition of their collective potential and shared development challenges, these nations joined forces in 2009 to create a platform that could amplify their voices and influence in international affairs.

The BRICS nations collectively represent a substantial portion of the world’s population, covering a diverse range of cultures, economies, and social structures. With their combined GDP accounting for a significant share of global output, these countries have the capacity to shape economic trends, trade dynamics, and investment patterns. This grouping has emerged as a counterbalance to the traditional power centers, offering an alternative perspective and approach to addressing global issues.

While the individual BRICS nations possess unique strengths and challenges, their shared commitment to cooperation has led to the formulation of joint strategies in various domains. These include economic development, technology advancement, trade facilitation, and environmental sustainability. Regular summits provide leaders with the opportunity to engage in candid discussions, share best practices, and forge collaborative solutions to pressing challenges.


One of the defining features of its emphasis on inclusivity and cooperation among diverse nations. By promoting open dialogue and understanding among its members, the grouping encourages the pooling of resources, expertise, and innovative ideas. This not only benefits the BRICS nations themselves but also resonates across the global community, influencing policies and decisions that impact a wide range of international issues.

Over the years, it has evolved beyond its economic origins to address a broad spectrum of topics. From climate change and sustainable development to geopolitical stability and multilateralism, the member nations have demonstrated their commitment to working together for the greater good. As they leverage their collective influence, BRICS continues to reshape the global narrative, offering a collaborative vision for a more equitable and prosperous world.


In conclusion, BRICS stands as a testament to the power of cooperation and collaboration among nations with diverse histories and aspirations. By pooling their strengths, these emerging economies have created a platform that allows them to collectively address global challenges and contribute to shaping a more balanced and inclusive international order. As the world continues to evolve, it remains a steadfast reminder of the potential that can be unlocked when nations unite for the common good.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi embarked on a four-day foreign tour, with South Africa as his first destination to partake in the BRICS proceedings. Amidst the summit, there is speculation about bilateral discussions between Prime Minister Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping. Indian Foreign Secretary Kwatra has confirmed ongoing efforts to organize meetings on the sidelines of the summit, possibly including a crucial interaction between the two leaders.

BRICS composed of which country:

BRICS, composed of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, represents a substantial portion of the world’s population, GDP, and trade. The summit is a pivotal platform for these developing nations to address global issues and explore collaborative solutions. The BRICS acronym is derived from the initials of each member country: B for Brazil, R for Russia, I for India, C for China, and S for South Africa. Notably, this year’s summit aligns with the overarching theme of reinforcing partnerships for sustainable growth and inclusive development.


Previously held virtually for three consecutive years due to the pandemic, this summit holds immense significance as it signifies a return to in-person interactions. The BRICS Summit is being chaired by South Africa, emphasizing the nation’s role in driving forward the agenda of growth and cooperation among member states.


Following the BRICS Summit, Embracing the significance of historical diplomacy, Prime Minister Modi eagerly anticipates his imminent journey to Greece, graciously extending his acceptance to the earnest invitation extended by Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis.. This visit to Athens, set for August 25, marks an Indian Prime Minister’s presence in Greece after four decades, underscoring the significance of the Indo-Greek relationship.


In conclusion, the BRICS Summit 2023 in Johannesburg represents a significant stride toward rejuvenating international cooperation among the member nations. As the leaders of these influential emerging economies converge, discussions on mutual growth, development, and collaboration are expected to shape the trajectory of global progress. Additionally, the potential for bilateral talks between Prime Minister Modi and Chinese President Jinping adds an intriguing layer of diplomatic engagement to this impactful event.

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