India and China have reached a mutual understanding to address the remaining issues along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh with urgency, all the while committing to maintaining peace and calm along their shared border. The 19th round of talks between India and China’s military commanders, known as the Corps Commander Level Meeting, led to an agreement. This meeting took place on August 14th at the Chushul-Moldo border meeting point on the Indian side.

According to a joint statement, the discussions were characterized by a positive, constructive, and comprehensive approach to resolving LAC-related matters in the Western Sector. Following the guidance provided by their respective leadership, both sides engaged in open and forward-looking dialogue. The statement highlighted their commitment to expedite the resolution of pending issues and to keep the ongoing dialogue and negotiations active through both military and diplomatic channels.

While working towards lasting solutions, the two nations have also agreed to uphold peace and stability in the border regions in the interim period. This agreement comes after previous rounds of talks, including the 18th round held in April this year. Over the course of these talks, various points of military disengagement have been achieved, notably in Gogra, Galwan Hot Springs, and Pangong Tso. However, tensions remain near Depsang and Demchok.

The ongoing border tensions since 2020 have strained bilateral relations, with India asserting that restoring normalcy along the border is essential for reviving regular diplomatic ties. During interactions between External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and China’s Wang Yi, National Security Advisor Ajit Doval expressed concerns over the erosion of strategic trust and the foundational basis of the relationship due to the prolonged crisis.

China has framed the border issue as a historical matter and encouraged India to separate border discussions from broader bilateral conversations. However, India has been hesitant to decouple these issues. Despite these complexities, the recent agreement signifies a shared commitment to swiftly resolve the border situation and maintain regional stability.

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